Endometriosis is a common cause of infertility in women and it is estimated that about 30% to 40% of all infertile women suffer from this disease. Although the presence of endometriosis does not mean you are infertile, endometriosis and infertility are definitely linked and your chances of becoming infertile are definitely much higher if you have the disease.
Endometriosis is a condition in which cells that are similar to the lining of the uterus grow outside the uterus. You can also get to know more about endometriosis and fertility via https://endometriosisassn.org/about-endometriosis/treatments.
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Endometriosis cells are most commonly located outside the uterus on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, outer surface of the uterus, or the surface of the pelvic cavity. In endometriosis, the cells do not separate each month, they may bleed a little, but recover and are stimulated again from the next cycle.
The typical symptoms of endometriosis are menstrual pain, pelvic pain, and pain in the lower back. Many sometimes have difficulty urinating, bleeding from the anus, or block the intestines.
Although the exact causes of endometriosis and infertility are unknown, a number of theories exist. These include retrograde menstruation (in which some menstrual fluid is removed from the uterus and the pelvic cavity is covered with endometrial cells), hereditary endometriosis, environmental factors, liver problems, or autoimmune diseases due to genetic makeup.
Endometriosis can only be diagnosed precisely through a medical procedure known as a laparoscopy, which is performed by inserting a narrow tubular space through a small incision in the abdomen. This allows the doctor to examine the organs in the pelvis.